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What does high definition audio device not plugged in mean?

High-end flatbed scanners can reach a dynamic range of 3.7, and Dmax around 4.0d. Dedicated film scanners have a dynamic range between 3.0d–4.0d. Office document scanners can have a dynamic range of less than 2.0d. Drum scanners have a dynamic range of 3.6–4.5. The situation as of 2014 was that only a few companies continued to manufacture and service drum scanners.

Next, toggle the switch below Allow apps to access your microphone to ON. You might want to check individual app permissions in the list below. Toggle the selection to ON if you want app to access your microphone. Windows updates can sometimes reset app settings. If you’re having mic problems with a certain app, go to the Windows 10 app permissions settings and make sure the app has permission to access your microphone. I followed the suggestion below to turn off enhanced sound.

Common Factors Responsible for Mic Not Working

In mid-2009, 256 GB drives became available, with the ability to hold many times more data than a DVD or even a Blu-ray . Many of the smallest players are powered by a permanently fitted rechargeable battery, charged from the USB interface. Fancier devices that function as a digital audio player have a USB host port . Given these competing claims to inventorship, patent disputes involving the USB flash drive have arisen over the years. Both Trek 2000 International and Netac Technology have accused others of infringing their patents on the USB flash drive.

As of mid-2005, this was an expensive alternative to standard password protection offered on many new USB flash storage devices. Most fingerprint scanning drives rely upon the host operating system to validate the fingerprint via a software driver, often restricting the drive to Microsoft Windows computers. However, there are USB drives with fingerprint scanners which use controllers that allow access to protected data without any authentication.

If they can’t hear you, you can send a chat message through Zoom to alert them instead. Zoom Virtual Backgrounds Download hi-res images and animations to elevate your next Zoom meeting. I’m on my second HP Envy laptop in the past week. I thought the first computer had a problem because the mic isn’t working in zoom. It’s working via Cortana and in the test mode but in zoom – it’s connected but there is no playback sound.

  • And other Unix-like systems, as well as many BIOS boot ROMs.
  • Besides, you need to open the corresponding apps and change the default microphone settings.
  • Many ThinkPads have incorporated magnesium, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or titanium into their chassis.
  • For USB microphones, you can also try connecting the microphone to a different USB port on the computer.

This is because your AirPods might be trying to use the microphone in one of the AirPods that’s already too low on battery power. In a few seconds, you’ll see the charging status. Do people tell you that your voice sounds muffled or cuts out when using your AirPods on calls? Whether you own AirPods Pro, AirPods Max, or any other AirPods, it can be frustrating to get anything less than crystal-clear microphone quality from your premium headphones. This wikiHow article will help you figure out why your AirPods microphone isn’t working properly, and how to fix the problem for good.

Microphones Not Working on Tablets

Hi, About 1,5 month ago I purchased a packard Bell MC2270 with realtek soundcard + and Advent 2 speaker -1 subwoofer set up. From the start I’m having problems with the audio/microphone. When doing the hardware test in Windows Voice recorder the testing of the microphone works ok but then the second test which is the playback test goes terribly wrong. I downloaded the latest realtek drivers and I tried to play around with the Volume equalizer of both Windows and the realtek audio manager, but no success.

It’s easily possible that you can’t use your mic simply because it’s been disabled. If you’re dealing with issues related to your microphone in Windows 7, look no further. Our article aims to bring you the most straightforward solutions, allowing you to troubleshoot without obstacles. Let’s not waste any more time and get right into the business.

How To Fix Macbook Pro Camera Quality? ComoApple com

The wrong resolution is solvable within the application. Commonly, most video chat platforms, like Zoom, provide a video mirror option to correct the webcam orientation. Surely, even when they won’t support flipping or mirroring the webcam image, you still can adjust it using some webcam software. Sometimes, your camera may auto darkens the whole webcam image to compensate for one brightest point.

  • On Windows 10, when the camera isn’t working with Microsoft Teams, you have many ways to resolve the problem.
  • IMAP (although not Push-IMAP) and POP3 mail standards are also supported, including Microsoft Exchange and Kerio Connect.
  • This site provides a free tool to test your webcam online and check if it is working properly.
  • Click Search automatically for updated driver software to install the latest webcam driver software on Windows 10.

The camera automatically turns on when you open an app—such as FaceTime or Photo Booth—or use a feature—such as Markup or head pointer—that can use the camera. A green light beside the camera glows to indicate the camera is on. The camera turn off when you close or quit all apps or features that can use the camera. You can also enable the camera using online apps such as Facebook Messenger. No need to make a video call to check whether the camera is working. Go to or, navigate to any chat , and click the plus icon next to where you’d type a message.

How to test your webcam to make sure it’s working properly before a video call

Another reason why your webcam’s image or video is being mirrored is due to a 3rd party webcam utility software being installed on your computer. If your webcam includes a setup utility, open the program to modify its settings. For example, if you are using a Logitech webcam, navigate to Advanced Settings and set the image orientation to “Normal” not “Mirrored”. This feature can also be called Flip or Rotate in some applications.

Venezuelan cuisine varies greatly from one region to another. Food staples include corn, rice, plantains, yams, beans and several meats. Potatoes, tomatoes, onions, eggplants, squashes, spinach and zucchini are also common side dishes in the Venezuelan diet. Worcestershire sauce is also used frequently in stews.

This procedure should help you decide what kind of webcam to buy next time. A drop-down list menu will ask you which webcam to test. Choose your webcam, then press the Test my cam button.

Computer hardware

Consequently, the device has no “native” orientation; only the relative position of the home button changes. Some cameras designed for use in security applications can automatically provide two or more images for each frame, with changing exposure. For example, a sensor for 30fps video will give out 60fps with the odd frames at a short exposure time and the even frames at a longer exposure time.

Driver asus a456u windows 10 64 bit –

As a result of the success of the iPhone sales volume and high selling price, headlined by the iPhone 4S, Apple became the largest mobile handset vendor in the world by revenue in 2011, surpassing long-time leader Nokia. While the Samsung Galaxy S II proved more popular than the iPhone 4S in parts of Europe, the iPhone 4S was dominant in the United States. By 2012, the two-year-old iPhone 4 had outsold the original iPhone, iPhone 3G and iPhone 3GS models put together. While the iPhone was initially sold in the U.S. only on the AT&T network with a SIM lock in place, various hackers have found methods to “unlock” the phone from a specific network.

How to Resolve Microphone Issues in Windows 10

The technicians at the carlcare service center are professionals and can fix any problem you are having with your device. If the volume of your device is mute, then you might think that your microphone is faulty. Go to the sound settings of your device and check if your call volume or media volume is very low or mute.

You can correct this by checking your app permissions to make sure the Zoom app or нажмите сюда web browser MicTests can use your webcam. Head back to the meeting window and click the Turn on Original Sound button at the top-right corner. If you have multiple audio devices connected to your computer, click the drop-down icon next to the option and select your preferred microphone.

Features 6.8″ display, Snapdragon 480 5G chipset, 5000 mAh battery, 256 GB storage, 6 GB RAM. Uhhh you can switch that in settings… Reply; Read all Post your opinion; … Samsung Galaxy A53 5G. Samsung Galaxy S20 FE 5G. Motorola Moto G Power. To check your front microphone, open up your camera and record a video with the front camera. To check the rear microphone, do the same except using the back camera.

Download updates for Audio Drivers

New SIM cards are equipped to support new-age cellular technology, thereby offering faster internet connectivity than older SIM cards. 5G is the latest cellular technology but 4G LTE also provides super-fast network connectivity. When you remove your SIM card from your phone and replace it with another card, you lose access to any information on the original card. This information is still stored on the old card, so any phone numbers, addresses or text messages that you lose are available if you insert the old card into the device. If you have a phone which is misbehaving or corrupt, don’t conclude that it is your sim card that caused the problem.

  • If you dropped your Samsung phone and its microphone stopped working, then it is a hardware issue.
  • If the microphone operates on external power, make sure all power connections are secure and the power cord is connected to a power source.
  • Run the audio troubleshooter in the Windows Sounds settings and see if that fixes your issue.

If you happen to be in a more remote region, your signal strength could be compromised. As mentioned before, improperly placing the card into the SIM tray may also compromise the service on your SIM card. Switching carriers on your phone can be either straightforward or very difficult, depending on if your phone is locked or unlocked. The reality is this technology isn’t new.

SIM Card Problems on Samsung: How to Fix Them

This PIN/PUK code is not actually related to your phone. Rather it is a security feature of your SIM card. If there is a sound problem on your phone, it could also be occurring due to a faulty speaker on your phone. In that case, you need to fix your phone.

This is usually the first step of solving a technical problem with any device, the troubleshooting. To make sure no other objects are causing the issue, simply disconnect the Galaxy S9 or Galaxy S9 Plus from any other electronic device or accessory. If the issue with the microphone persists then proceed to the next step.

I’m sorry for any issues with your device. Thanks to fernandobot for your contribution. In fact, what fernandobot said is right, but the troubleshootoing you have done tells me it may have something to do with an application.

How To Know Camera Quality?

For better resolution, you can zoom in closer to the subject. High-resolution pictures require a lot of storage space. To solve this problem, you can store your photos externally rather than on your phone’s memory. An external SD card can be used, or you could try photo-sharing apps and cloud storage services. Like we already mentioned, the Samsung Bright S5KGW2, 64MP, ISOCELL snapper is probably the most intriguing of the bunch of cameras on the Galaxy S20.

On the other hand, the second version with 128 GB of storage costs exactly the same at the time of our testing, so that you can safely ignore the 64-GB version. Because the MiniTrack is an ePTZ camera with no motorized parts, it is safe and easy to pack for live events or long commutes. The camera is universally compatible with Windows, macOS, Linux, and nearly any streaming, video production, or videoconferencing platform. Wherever you roam, the MiniTrack is ready to use within seconds.

Fix: FaceTime Camera Not Working on MacBook –

It had begun investment in the foundry business since 2006, and positioned it as one of the strategic pillars for semiconductor growth. Since then, Samsung has been a leader in semiconductor device fabrication. Samsung began mass-production of a 20 nm class semiconductor manufacturing process in 2010, followed by a 10 nm class FinFET process in 2013, and 7 nm FinFET nodes in 2018. They also began production of the first 5 nm nodes in late 2018, with plans to introduce 3 nm GAAFET nodes by 2021.

  • Double-click the ScreenRecorder shortcut on your desktop to open it.
  • In February 2014, Barnes & Noble announced a new Nook color tablet would be released in 2014.
  • The first Galaxy Tab 4 Nook will begin selling in the US in August 2014, with Nook focusing on the software and content, and Samsung focusing on the hardware.
  • In 2018, Samsung introduced to market a 30.72 TB SSD using a SAS interface.

3 Use a Proven Third-Party App 4 Disable the Built-in MacBook Camera via Terminal Utility. When this message appears, the green light on the camera just blinks every couple of seconds but does not reflect anything on the screen. This problem can be frustrating, especially for users who are often doing a conference or video calls, either for personal or work purposes. I am using a MacBook and trying to restart it.Unfortunately, I continue to receive no camera detected on MacBook pro errors. If all else fails, you might want to consider purchasing an external webcam. An external webcam provides a high-resolution alternative to your base Macbook camera.

Wemo Smart Video Doorbell

Technical writer and electronics engineer who has worked with several multinational companies. He’s done remote work during the pandemic, realizing the importance of having high-quality webcam. Optionally rate your webcam on the right side pane by filling in some information. In doing so, you’ll be able to compare your webcam’s specs against others.


However, it is advisable to check anyways to get the latest updates and add-ons to improve your camera quality. As stated earlier, your environment also plays a significant role in determining your camera quality. Thus, you want to get the right lighting conditions to bring out the best quality in your webcam. You don’t necessarily have to learn sophisticated lighting techniques to do this.

How to Fix Microphone Problems in Windows 10?

Test the function of your speakers and check whether the correct speaker is selected. Supporting a Hybrid-friendly Work Environment Explore products and tools for seamless collaboration across office and home working spaces. Download Zoom Client Keep your Zoom client up to date to access the latest features.

A network packet is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet-switched network. In 1972, commercial services were first deployed on public data networks in Europe, which began using X.25 in the late 1970s and spread across the globe. The underlying infrastructure was used for expanding TCP/IP networks in the 1980s. The nodes of a computer network can include personal computers, servers, networking hardware, or other specialised or general-purpose hosts. They are identified by network addresses, and may have hostnames. Hostnames serve as memorable labels for the nodes, rarely changed after initial assignment.

I automatically get muted when joining meetings. Is there a fix for this?

To fix that, we recommend you reset the app by clearing its cache and data. If it’s just a temporary system glitch, then restarting your phone should be the easiest way to fix it. Just hold down your phone’s power button for about 10 seconds.

If your microphone isn’t working on Google Meet, there are a few things you can try to fix the problem. If it’s plugged in but not working, try unplugging and replugging it in. If you’re having trouble with your microphone on Windows 11, there are a few things you can try to fix the problem. First, make sure that your microphone is properly plugged into your computer. If it’s not, plug it in and then restart your computer.

  • The system is designed so the target machine will not operate except when the flash drive device is plugged into it.
  • If Device Manager does not list your USB device, there might be a problem with the USB port.
  • Finally Pua Khein-Seng, a Malaysian engineer, has also been recognized by some as a possible inventor of the device.
  • Installing the same will help you resolve issues with your input signal and get your microphone working again accordingly.

A restore point is a collection of important system files stored by System Restore on a given date and time. System Restore reverts everything to a saved restore point, but first, you must have one recorded. If a restore point does not exist on your computer, System Restore has nothing to revert to. If Windows fails to reinstall the driver, you can force the system to reinstall by going to Device Manager and right-clicking the computer name . Double-click “Audio inputs and outputs” in the Device Manager window to expand that section.

When your microphone isn’t working, the persons you’re trying to talk to won’t hear you and this is the last thing that you need on your Galaxy S8 Plus. If your problem is not resolved by now, you can try to uninstall the application and then again install it from the Play Store. Check if you are still having the issue or not. If it says Don’t Allow, then it is turned on.

What Is A SIM Card, And How Does It Work?

The microphone stopped working on my daughter’s reasonably new HP laptop in Zoom only. I checked the privacy settings and it’s enabled. The microphone seems to work everywhere else except Zoom. Unfortunately, if the issue persists then try other solutions. Zoom offers advanced tools to improve audio playback, but they can sometimes have the opposite effect.

How to Customize Sounds on Windows 10 (And Where to Download Them)

Applications must be modified for the U3 platform not to leave any data on the host machine. U3 also provides a software framework for independent software vendors interested in their platform. Some file systems are designed to distribute usage over an entire memory device without concentrating usage on any part (e.g., for a directory) to prolong the life of simple flash memory devices. You should also check to see if the microphone is muted – if it is, unmute it and try again. If you’re still having trouble after following these steps, there could be an issue with your sound drivers.

Microsoft Edge Dev Update mit vielen Neuerungen

Das aktuelle Bild und wählen Sie ein neues Bild aus. Auf das Installationsprogramm, um die Installation zu starten. Bei HouseCall handelt es sich um einen neuartigen Virenscanner-Dienst. Während Sie mit dem Internet verbunden sind, kann TrendMicro Ihren Rechner nach Viren-Infektionen und Spyware überprüfen. Auf der recht spartanisch wirkenden Homepage von Ghostscript können Sie einen Treiber zur PDF-Erstellung herunterladen.

  • Im besten Falle installiert man solch eine Software bereits nach dem Kauf des Computers.
  • TreeSize Free verrät Ihnen, welche Dateien und Ordner auf Festplatte/SSD den meisten Speicherplatz verbrauchen.
  • Doch wo liegen eigentlich die Vor- und Nachteile eines Windows- bzw.

Hier finden sich beispielsweise Vorgabewerte eines Programmsund seine Pfadinformationen. Durch die Auswahl von Unicode als Datenbankzeichensatz wird eine solide Grundlage für alle in der Datenbank enthaltenen und darauf basierenden Elemente sichergestellt. Oracle empfiehlt die Verwendung von Unicode für alle neuen Systembereitstellungen. Es wird auch empfohlen, ältere Systeme nach Unicode zu migrieren. Die Bereitstellung Ihrer Systeme in Unicode bietet viele Vorteile in Bezug auf Benutzerfreundlichkeit, Kompatibilität und Erweiterbarkeit. Dank des umfassenden Supports von Oracle können Sie leistungsstarke Systeme schneller und einfacher bereitstellen und dabei die gesamte Leistungsfähigkeit von Unicode nutzen.

Erfahren Sie mehr über Domains

Nachdem Sie Ihren PC neu gestartet haben, beginnt die Software automatisch mit der Wiederherstellung der verlorenen Dateien. Einer der wichtigsten Schritte ist das Ändern der Bootreihenfolge für Ihren PC im BIOS-Menü. Lassen Sie den Computer von Ihrem bootfähigen Gerät booten, speichern Sie die Änderungen und starten Sie den Computer neu. Einige Experten empfehlen sogar, die Treiber zu deaktivieren und später zu aktivieren, um den Windows 10-Fehler “Schwarzer Bildschirm nach Anmeldung” zu beheben.

  • Die Favoritenleiste ist der wahlweise unter der Adressleiste einblendbare Balken, der im Idealfall Ihre wichtigsten Seiten enthält.
  • Die Sicherheitsbeschreibung für Registrierungsschlüssel konnte nicht abgerufen werden.
  • Häufig werden davor viele Fehler in der Registry angezeigt.
  • Für versierte Anwender bietet auch die Kommandozeile on Windows die Möglichkeit, Werte über eine Batch-Datei zu editieren.

Die Dateiendung „.exe“ ist eine Abkürzung vom englischen Wort „executable“, was „ausführbar“ bedeutet. Auch wer ein Programm aus dem Internet herunterlädt, erhält eine EXE-Datei, um es zu installieren und zu starten. Sie starten Win RE unter Windows 7, indem Sie nach Taste F8 unter „Erweiterte Startoptionen“ den Eintrag „Computer reparieren“ wählen. Jake Doe- Computertechnik-Geek Jake Doe ist bei UGetFix der Nachrichtenredakteur. Seit seiner Begegnung mit Ugnius Kiguolis in 2003 haben sie bereits mehrere Projekte in den Gang gesetzt, die Bewusstsein über Cyberkriminalität, Schadsoftware und andere Computerprobleme schaffen. Der Fehler tritt vor allem dann auf, wenn die Datei im System fehlt – dann kann ein Programm, das auf diese Datei angewiesen ist, nicht ordnungsgemäß gestartet und ausgeführt werden.

Welche Aufgabe möchten Sie jetzt ausführen?

Alternativ hat man die Möglichkeit, die Registry-Schlüssel in einer Ordnerhierarchie (“Sammlungen”) zu organisieren. Diese sollen nur die Übersicht innerhalb des Editors verbessern und haben keinen Einfluss auf den Ort in der Registrierdatenbank, an dem der Schlüssel angelegt wird. Nutzt man den Assistenten, dann legt dieser automatisch eine solche Baumstruktur an, wobei er genau die Gliederung der Registry übernimmt. Der Ashampoo Registry Cleaner 2 scannt die Registry ab und findet fehlerhafte, doppelte oder ins Leere weisende Verknüpfungen, um sie vollautomatisch zu beseitigen oder zu reparieren. Das Echtzeit-Backup im Ashampoo Registry Cleaner 2 garantiert einen Höchstmaß an Sicherheit und ermöglicht jederzeit die Wiederherstellung der Registry im ursprünglichen Zustand. Von der DVD / USB-Stick starten Computerreparatur auswählen.Falls der Rechner noch startet, einfach in die erweiterten Startoptionen starten.

Local Dating Online

Many local newspapers had online personals in the mid 1990s but were bought out by these big dating sites. From some of the comments it really shows how desperate dating sites are for money that they even advertise in comment sections. You have a much better chance going to local events and you will probably spend less than what you would spend on an online dating site.

Other apps have indicated that they might actually move closer to Facebook. For example, Bumble, founded by a former Tinder executive, said they had already reached out to Facebook regarding how to collaborate. And, “One thing everyone seems to agree on is that Facebook’s effectively endorsing online dating will be a huge legitimization event for the industry,” says Jefferies Internet analyst Brent Thill. According to Amanda Bradford, chief executive of The League, an elite dating app, “Facebook is validating that dating is a high-tech industry with really interesting and hard problems to solve. Still, Facebook could face some obstacles in building enough separation between the dating service and the legacy social network; some users might not like having both activities live on one app.

After giving him some time to cope with his cat passing away, he made plans to see her again and she was thrilled. He canceled the date last minute again because he said his grandma had died. Although this seemed too tragic to be true, she gave him the benefit of the doubt that he was telling the truth. Additionally, if someone is giving you a checklist right away of all of the things they want in a future partner, this may be a red flag for some controlling behaviors. It’s one thing if they express their non-negotiables but it’s another thing entirely if they are listing required traits. If you feel like someone is already trying to change things about you to suit their needs, that’s not okay. How someone initiates a conversation with you will say a lot about how they view you as a person and how they might treat you as a partner.

Online dating users are more likely to describe their overall experience with using dating sites or apps in positive, rather than negative, terms. Some 57% of Americans who have ever used a dating site or app say their own personal experiences with these platforms have been very or somewhat positive. Still, about four-in-ten online daters (42%) describe their personal experience with dating sites or apps as at least somewhat negative. Happily, there are some dating services that are looking to overcome the vanity. For example, Hinge matches people based on personality and preferences and lets you create a more interesting and rounded profile to draw people in. One of the few dating sites designed for affairs, Ashley Madison connects users for discreet encounters.

Basically all a guy like you has to do is instantly grab her attention in a memorable way with both your profile and your messages, then spend the least amount of time possible convincing her to meet you in person. For those who are hesitant to enter the online dating world for reasons related to safety or awkward conversation lulls, Double aims to take the pressure off with Double dates as opposed to one-on-one.

State things that are really important to you and be done with it. Connor turned an attempt at small talk into a rant about “gold-digging whores,” and the dating app was not having it. Matt- But what about when you said you would meet me in real life and we would lose our virginity together. One Love educates young people about healthy and unhealthy relationships, empowering them to identify and avoid abuse and learn how to love better. If you are going somewhere that serves alcoholic beverages, most bartenders are using secret codes to help customers signal, privately, when they need help if they’re getting harassed or feeling unsafe on a bad date.

With no financial requirement, free sites will naturally attract a greater proportion of people who are not really committed to finding a genuine relationship. Memberships you gain additional features such as being able to send more messages and receiving event discounts.



A trademark refers to a recognizable symbol, logo, word, phrase, or design, (or a combination of these) used to identify and Individualize goods or services offered by a business and distinguish same from others. 

In Nigeria, Trademark Registration is governed by the Trade Marks Act, Cap T13 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004. The Government Agency saddled with the responsibility to register trademarks is the Trademarks, Patents and Designs Registry, Commercial Law Department of the Ministry of Trade and Investment.



The first step to be undertaken while registering a trademark in Nigeria is to conduct an availability search at the Trademark Registry. This is to find out whether the proposed mark does not conflict with an existing trademark and is available under the relevant trademark class. Once, the search is conducted and the result reveals that the mark is available for registration, the application process can then be commenced accordingly. 


Upon confirming the availability of the proposed trademark at the Registry, the applicant will be required to duly fill the Application form with relevant information and also provide necessary documents which will be submitted alongside the form.  The following information and documents will be required at this stage: 

1. Name, representation or prints of the proposed trademark

2. Name of the Applicant.

3. Contact details of the Applicant such as address, phone number and email address

4. Executed Power of Attorney (where applicable)

5. Letter of Authorisation for use of certain word(s) (where applicable)

It is important to note that for the purpose of registration of trademarks in Nigeria, applications are arranged in accordance with trademark classification. The Nigerian law classifies goods and services into 45 International classes in line with the Nice International Classification of Good and Services of the Nice Agreement 1957. For more on trademark classification, you may read our article via:

At this stage, upon submission of the duly completed application form and payment of the requisite fees, the Trademark Registry will issue a Trademark Registration Acknowledgement Form which confirms receipt of the application.


Upon the assessment and approval of the submitted application by the Trademark Registry, the trademark will be registered accordingly and a Trademark Acceptance Letter will be issued to the Applicant. The Acceptance Letter serves as the initial evidence that the trademark has been duly registered. 

Depending on whether or not there are objections raised during the registration process, the average time for obtaining the acknowledgment and acceptance documents with respect to trademark registration is usually between 3–5 weeks.


At this last stage, the trademark will be published in the Trademarks Journal by the Registry and a Certificate of Registration will be issued thereafter if there are no objections to the mark within 2 months of publication. 


it is important to note that the validity period for a registered trademark is 7 years at the first instance. However, the registration is subsequently renewable for 14 years period thereafter from time to time.

It is equally noteworthy that the process for registration of a trademark in Nigeria can only be done through entities accredited with the Trademark Registry. Therefore, all applicants must engage the services of an accredited agent to register their trademark.


According to Nigerian banking laws and regulations, only a business duly registered in Nigeria can operate a corporate bank account in Nigeria. As a result, a foreign business owner who intends to open a bank account in Nigeria must first register the company with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC). While most banks have different procedures for opening corporate bank accounts, the requirements are largely the same across the board. The following documents and information are required:

  • Duly registered business with CAC, providing certified true copies of business registration documents
  • A resolution by the board of directors authorizing and approving the opening of the bank account and the account signatories
  • Completed bank account application form
  • Identification documents of the directors, such as international passports, driver’s licenses, etc.
  • Notarization of Documents. Notarized copies of external documents such as data pages of international passports, driver’s licenses, and registration documents of a foreign company listed as a shareholder (if any) will be requested
  • Passports photographs of the signatories
  • Residential address of the directors
  • Directors’ Bank Verification Number (BVN). Non-Nigerian residents can apply for BVN at BVN enrolment centres located across the world
  • The Tax Identification Number (TIN) for the company
  • Proof of business addresses. Acceptable documents evidencing the business address include water bills, power bills, and lease agreements
  • Registration with the Special Control Unit Against Money Laundering (SCUML), if applicable
  • Special requirements such as business permits, residence permits, etc. for foreign nationals
  • Two corporate account holders must complete reference forms
  • The minimum opening balance. Depending on the bank, this fee ranges from $20 to $200 

Depending on individual banks, once all the above documents are submitted, an inactive corporate account will be opened between 1–3 business days and it will become active once the verification of all submitted documents has been carried out.

You are on the right track if you seek professional advice on which bank to choose or if you want to open a Nigerian corporate bank account without being present or resident in Nigeria. 



A company is a legal entity with a separate legal personality, formed by an individual or a group of individuals for the purpose of engaging in a profit-making business. By the provision of the law in Nigeria, it is mandatory for all companies to be registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) in accordance with the Companies and Allied Matters Act (CAMA) 2020.

It is noteworthy that, by the provisions of CAMA 2020, a single person can now register and fully own a company in Nigeria. The process for company registration in Nigeria is provided below.



The first step to registering a company is to get its name reserved. The applicant is expected to propose two names for the company for which an availability check will be conducted, and if any of the names is available and registrable, it will be reserved accordingly.


Upon reservation of the name, the applicant will be required to provide the following details and information:

  • Nature of the Business: the Company/Objects of the company
  • Details about the Director(s):(a) Full Name and Address (b) Date of Birth (c) Gender (d) Phone Number (e) Email Address (f) Occupation (g) Scanned Signature (h) Scanned Identity Card (International Passport, National ID Card, Voter’s Card, or Driver’s License)
  • Details about the shareholder (s):(a) Full Name and Address (b) Date of Birth (c) Gender (d) Phone Number (e) Email Address (f) Occupation (g) Scanned Signature (h) Scanned Identity Card (International Passport, National ID Card, Voter’s Card, or Driver’s License).
  • Particulars of the Company Secretary (This is, however, optional for a private company).
  • The Share Capital and the Percentage of Shares to be Held by Each Shareholder (It is important to consider if there is a mandatory share capital threshold applicable to the proposed company.)


The applicant is expected to provide the Memorandum and Articles of Association of the company (“MEMART”) for registration. Although there is a generic MEMART made available by CAC which can be adopted by the applicant, it is, however, advisable for the applicant to engage the services of a legal practitioner to draft the MEMART.


The applicant is required to make payments for stamp duties and the company registration filing fee. After payment of these fees, the applicant is required to submit the application and await registration accordingly.


Upon due registration of the company, a Certificate of Incorporation will be issued by CAC together with a copy of the duly registered MEMART and a Status Report of the company.

Conclusively, it is important to note that the incorporation process can be done by an individual applicant himself or through an accredited agent. It is, however, advisable to engage the services of an accredited agent to ensure a smooth and seamless registration process.